At 1st Choice Solar Construction we have a company wide safety plan that is a set of procedures, rules and regulations in check list form that is to be followed by all our employees and contractors. It includes the emergency procedures, use of personal protective equipment, first aid responses, evacuation plans and more. All to ensure the safety of you, your family, our workers and all people on or passing by your property.
Here are more details of information and solutions we train our workers on from OSCHA’s Worker Safety Series (OSHA 3252-05N 2005)
Scaffold must be sound, rigid and sufficient to carry its own weight plus four times the maximum intended load without settling or displacement.
It must be erected on solid footing.
Unstable objects, such as barrels, boxes, loose bricks or concrete blocks must not be used to support scaffolds or planks.
Scaffold must not be erected, moved, dismantled or altered except under the supervision of a competent person.
Scaffold must be equipped with guardrails, midrails and toeboards.
Scaffold accessories such as braces, brackets, trusses, screw legs or ladders that are damaged or weakened from any cause must be immediately repaired or replaced.
Scaffold platforms must be tightly planked with scaffold plank grade material or equivalent.
A “competent person” must inspect the scaffolding and, at designated intervals, reinspect it.
Rigging on suspension scaffolds must be inspected by a competent person before each shift and after any occurrence that could affect structural integrity to ensure that all connections are tight and that no damage to the rigging has occurred since its last use.
Synthetic and natural rope used in suspension scaffolding must be protected from heat-producing sources.
Employees must be instructed about the hazards of using diagonal braces as fall protection.
Scaffold can be accessed by using ladders and stairwells.
Scaffolds must be at least 10 feet from electric power lines at all times.
Consider using aerial lifts or elevated platforms to provide safer elevated working surfaces; Erect guardrail systems with toeboards and warning lines or install control line systems to protect workers near the edges of floors and roofs; Cover floor holes; and/or Use safety net systems or personal fall arrest systems (body harnesses).
Use the correct ladder for the task.
Have a competent person visually inspect a ladder before use for any defects such as:
Structural damage, split/bent side rails, broken or missing rungs/steps/cleats and missing or damaged safety devices;
Grease, dirt or other contaminants that could cause slips or falls;
Paint or stickers (except warning labels) that could hide possible defects
Make sure that ladders are long enough to safely reach the work area.
Mark or tag (“Do Not Use”) damaged or defective ladders for repair or replacement, or destroy them immediately.
Never load ladders beyond the maximum intended load or beyond the manufacturer’s rated capacity.
Be sure the load rating can support the weight of the user, including materials and tools.
Avoid using ladders with metallic components near electrical work and overhead power lines.
Stairway treads and walkways must be free of dangerous objects, debris and materials.
Slippery conditions on stairways and walkways must be corrected immediately.
Make sure that treads cover the entire step and landing.
Stairways having four or more risers or rising more than 30 inches must have at least one handrail.
Never enter an unprotected trench.
Always use a protective system for trenches feet deep or greater.
Employ a registered professional engineer to design a protective system for trenches 20 feet deep or greater.
Sloping to protect workers by cutting back the trench wall at an angle inclined away from the excavation not steeper than a height/depth ratio of 11 2 :1, according to the sloping requirements for the type of soil.
Shoring to protect workers by installing supports to prevent soil movement for trenches that do not exceed 20 feet in depth.
Shielding to protect workers by using trench boxes or other types of supports to prevent soil cave-ins.
Always provide a way to exit a trench–such as a ladder, stairway or ramp–no more than 25 feet of lateral travel for employees in the trench.
Keep spoils at least two feet back from the edge of a trench.
Make sure that trenches are inspected by a competent person prior to entry and after any hazard-increasing event such as a rainstorm, vibrations or excessive surcharge loads.
SLOPING. Maximum allowable slopes for excavations less than 20 ft. (6.09 m) based on soil type and angle to the horizontal area
Check all crane controls to insure proper operation before use.
Inspect wire rope, chains and hook for any damage.
Know the weight of the load that the crane is to lift.
Ensure that the load does not exceed the crane’s rated capacity.
Raise the load a few inches to verify balance and the effectiveness of the brake system.
Check all rigging prior to use; do not wrap hoist ropes or chains around the load.
Fully extend outriggers.
Do not move a load over workers.
Barricade accessible areas within the crane’s swing radius.
Watch for overhead electrical distribution and transmission lines and maintain a safe working clearance of at least 10 feet from energized electrical lines.
Maintain a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for each chemical in the facility.
Make this information accessible to employees at all times in a language or formats that are clearly understood by all affected personnel.
Train employees on how to read and use the MSDS.
Follow manufacturer’s MSDS instructions for handling hazardous chemicals.
Train employees about the risks of each hazardous chemical being used.
Provide spill clean-up kits in areas where chemicals are stored.
Have a written spill control plan.
Train employees to clean up spills, protect themselves and properly dispose of used materials.
Provide proper personal protective equipment and enforce its use.
Store chemicals safely and securely.
Train and certify all operators to ensure that they operate forklifts safely.
Do not allow any employee under 18 years old to operate a forklift.
Properly maintain haulage equipment, including tires.
Do not modify or make attachments that affect the capacity and safe operation
of the forklift without written approval from the forklift’s manufacturer.
Examine forklift truck for defects before using.
Follow safe operating procedures for picking up, moving, putting down and stacking loads.
Drive safely–never exceed 5 mph and slow down in congested or slippery surface areas.
Prohibit stunt driving and horseplay.
Do not handle loads that are heavier than the capacity of the industrial truck.
Remove unsafe or defective forklift trucks from service.
Operators shall always wear seatbelts.
Avoid traveling with elevated loads.
Assure that rollover protective structure is in place.
Make certain that the reverse signal alarm is operational and audible above the surrounding noise level.
Be sure that workers wear hard hats where there is a potential for objects falling from above, bumps to their heads from fixed objects, or accidental head contact with electrical hazards.